Dr. Maria Montessori was born on August 31st, 1870 in Chiaravalle, Ancona, Italy. Growing up, Dr. Maria Montessori faced and witnessed many social problems within her surroundings. Because of this, she developed a personal conviction that change is possible. As Dr. Maria Montessori got older, she went to school for engineering, which was oddly unusual at that time for a girl. As Dr. Maria Montessori was in school, she started to consider changing her path to teaching as a career choice in which she enrolled herself at the University of Rome to study physics, math, and sciences.

In 1896, Dr. Maria Montessori became the first female doctor in Italy. As the years went on, Dr. Maria Montessori continued to expand her knowledge and lectured on the importance of educating children with learning disabilities. She becomes a member of the National League for the Education of disabled children. A couple of years following this event, on January 6th, 1907, Dr. Maria Montessori opened up the first-ever Casa dei Bambini in San Lorenzo, Italy which was a Montessori School.

The Montessori Preschool Environment:

The Prepared Environment

In the Physical Environment, you will find:

  • Child-Sized materials/shelving
  • Real Life Materials
  • Materials that provide opportunities for success
  • Safe & Calm Environment
  • Develop Independence
  • Materials are purposeful
  • Stimulating Environment

The Teacher

“The first duty of an educator: to stir up life but leave it free to develop.” (Dr. Maria Montessori, The Discovery of the Child, pg. 111)

The Three S’ in Montessori Education

The 3 S’ apply to the words – Saint, Servant, Scientist. These are the 3 major characteristics of Montessori teachers. They need to be a scientist since they need to know how to educate a child. They are a servant since they need to be able to support the child in what they want to do. And a saint, since they need to eliminate ego and temper to develop patience and humility.

The teachers have to be observers of the child, in order to understand how the child views the world and how they feel about their environment. Some principles that the Montessori teachers need to embody are:

  • They are the Keeper/Custodian of the Environment
  • They respect each child individually
  • They need to be able to entice the new children to work
  • They need to be consistent
  • Be patient & kind
  • They need to understand how to manage behavior
  • They also need to be humble & creative

Attractive Material: Materials in a Montessori classroom are very unique and drive curiosity. The principles defining Montessori materials include:

  • A lot of the materials come from real life to enable children to learn how to fulfill human needs
  • There is an outcome within e